Image color picker in javascript that work without canvas in every browser

If you want to create color picker from image in javascript you probably will use canvas, but what if you need it work in IE as I needed. You can use some server side help to fetch pixels data from the server. I use php for that and GD library. The code is below.

cross-browser color picker

Server side code that return json pixel data


function rgb($color) {
    $result[] = ($color >> 16) & 0xFF;
    $result[] = ($color >> 8) & 0xFF;
    $result[] = $color & 0xFF;
    return $result;

function imagecreatefrom($filename) {
    $path = pathinfo($filename);
    switch($path['extension']) {
        case 'png':
            return imagecreatefrompng($filename);
        case 'jpg':
            return imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
        case 'gif':
            return imagecreatefromgif($filename);
            return null;

function getImageData($filename) {
    list($width, $height) = getimagesize($filename);
    $image = imagecreatefrom($filename);
    $image_data = array();
    for ($y = 0; $y < $height; ++$y) {
        $row = array();
        for ($x = 0; $x < $width; ++$x) {
            $row[] = rgb(imagecolorat($image, $x, $y));
        $image_data[] = $row;
    return $image_data;

if (isset($_GET['filename'])) {
    $filename = $_GET['filename'];
    if (file_exists($filename)) {
        $result = array(
            'error' => null,
            'result' => getImageData($filename)
    } else {
        $result = array(
            'error' => "The file '$filename' don't exist",
            'result' => null
} else {
    $result = array(
        'error' => "You need to put filename",
        'result' => null
header('Content-Type: application/json');
echo json_encode($result);


Then you can fetch the data using ajax and add get invidial pixels on mousemove

    var img = $('img');
    $.getJSON('image_data.php', {filename: img.attr('src')}, function(data) {
        if (data.error) {
        } else {
            $('.eyedropper').click(function() {
                picker = true;
                return false;
            img.mousemove(function(e) {
                if (picker) {
                    var x = Math.round(e.pageX - offset.left);
                    var y = Math.round(e.pageY -;
                    if (x >= 0) {
            }).click(function(e) {
                picker = false;

Now all you need to have is element with class eyedropper like a link in your html:

<a href="#" class="eyedropper">pick the color</a>

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Mastering Emacs – Search inside minibufer

This is by far best feature in Emacs that you can use interactive search inside Minibuffer. If you want to find a function that you don’t know exact name, I do this a lot – who will remember function names in Emacs, you can use:

C-h f C-s

And search for functions. How cool is that? Almost all functions that have completion inside minibuffer work with search like

  • C-x b C-s – search for buffer to switch
  • C-h <KEY> C-s – search for help

When I switch to Emacs 24, I found that M-x C-s don’t work. So you can’t search for interactive function to execute. But you can get it back. As describe by this Emacs Bug Ticket by putting this to you .emacs file.

(defun read-extended-command ()
  "Read command name to invoke in `execute-extended-command'."
      (lambda ()
        (set (make-local-variable 'minibuffer-default-add-function)
             (lambda ()
               ;; Get a command name at point in the original buffer
               ;; to propose it after M-n.
               (let ((def (with-current-buffer
                              (window-buffer (minibuffer-selected-window))
                            (and (commandp (function-called-at-point))
                                 (format "%S" (function-called-at-point)))))
                     (all (sort (minibuffer-default-add-completions)
                                (lambda (a b) (string< a b)))))
                 (if def
                     (cons def (delete def all))
    ;; Read a string, completing from and restricting to the set of
    ;; all defined commands.  Don't provide any initial input.
    ;; Save the command read on the extended-command history list.
     (concat (cond
	      ((eq current-prefix-arg '-) "- ")
	      ((and (consp current-prefix-arg)
		    (eq (car current-prefix-arg) 4)) "C-u ")
	      ((and (consp current-prefix-arg)
		    (integerp (car current-prefix-arg)))
	       (format "%d " (car current-prefix-arg)))
	      ((integerp current-prefix-arg)
	       (format "%d " current-prefix-arg)))
	     ;; This isn't strictly correct if `execute-extended-command'
	     ;; is bound to anything else (e.g. [menu]).
	     ;; It could use (key-description (this-single-command-keys)),
	     ;; but actually a prompt other than "M-x" would be confusing,
	     ;; because "M-x" is a well-known prompt to read a command
	     ;; and it serves as a shorthand for "Extended command: ".
	     "M-x ")
     obarray 'commandp t nil 'extended-command-history)))

And tell me, why you will ever need Ido-mode

One note about that, when you use one interactive function inside another one you will need to call C-g twice to exit minibuffer

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Faster Emacs Window Switching Inside a Frame

I needed something to speed up my work when I have few windows, I was looking at switch-window.el, but it kind of silly that the content of the window disappear. So I’ve written this simple 2 functions which act similar to my other sollution Faster buffer bookmarking in Emacs. But you mark window to which you want to jump.

It set Keyboard C-c C-0 for mark and C-C C-<1-9> to jump.

(setq window-alist '())

(defun mark-window (number)
  "Give current window a number to select it later using `switch-to-number-window'"
  (interactive "nNumber Your Window: ")
  (let ((pair (assoc number window-alist))
        (window (get-buffer-window)))
    (if pair
        (setf (cdr pair) window)
      (add-to-list 'window-alist (cons number window)))))

(defun switch-to-number-window (number)
  "Jump to the window  marked with a `mark-window' function"
  (interactive "nNumber Your Window: ")
  (let ((pair (assoc number window-alist)))
    (if pair
        (select-window (cdr pair))
      (message "Invalid Number"))))

;; create 9 keyboard shortcuts using closure (forced using lexical-let)
(dolist (i (map #'1+ (range 9)))
    (global-set-key (read-kbd-macro (concat "C-c C-"
                                            (number-to-string i)))
                    (lexical-let ((i i))
                      (lambda ()
                        (switch-to-number-window i)))))

(global-set-key (kbd "C-c C-0") 'mark-window)

It use range helper function (same as in python)

(defun range (n &optional list)
  "function return list of numbers from 1 to n"
  (if (eq n 0)
    (let ((n (- n 1)))
      (range n (cons n list)))))

EDIT: I just found windmove commands which are much better.

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How To Add Translation Feature To Twitter

I don’t know about you but, I follow few peple that sometimes tweet in different language then English. And English is the only foreign language I know. So if I want to see what they tweet about sometimes I use google translate to read the content.

I always thought that it will be nice feature for Twitter to have translate button, so I created one, using WebSockets and Ruby.

So how I did this, first I downloaded websockets ruby library from github web-socket-ruby, I already had translation script written in Ruby that use google translate, so I added websocket server to it.


require 'net/http'
require 'uri'
require 'optparse'
require 'json'
require 'socket'
require 'web_socket'

class NotConnectedException < Exception

def server(port, domains)
  server =
    :accepted_domains => domains,
    :port => port)
  puts("Server is running at port %d" % server.port) do |ws|
    puts("Connection accepted")
    puts("Path: #{ws.path}, Origin: #{ws.origin}")
    if ws.path == "/translate"
      while data = ws.receive()
        printf("Received: %p\n", data)
        data = JSON.parse(data)
        response = translate(data['text'], nil, data['to_lang']).join("\n")
        printf("Sent: %p\n", response)
      ws.handshake("404 Not Found")
    puts("Connection closed")

def escape(o)
  o.gsub(/([^ a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+)/n) {
    '%' + $1.unpack('H2' * $1.size).join('%').upcase
  }.tr(' ', '+')

def translate(text, from=nil, to=nil, cookie=nil)
  url = URI.parse("")
  query = "?hl=en&client=t&text=#{escape(text)}&multires=1&otf=1&pc=0&sc=1&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8"
  query += "&sl=" + (from ? from : 'auto')
  if to
    query += "&tl=#{to}"
    http =
    res = http.get(url.path + query)
    res.response['content-type'] =~ /charset=(.*)/
    charset = $1
    JSON.parse(res.body.gsub(/,{2,}/, ',').gsub(/,\]/, ']'))[0].map {|i|
      # google sometimes put spaces around numbers
      i[0].gsub(/\{ *([0-9]) *\}/, '{\1}')
  rescue NoMethodError
    raise NotConnectedException
  rescue SocketError
    raise NotConnectedException

def msg(str, type='info')
  system("zenity --#{type} --title='translation' --text='#{str}'")

params = ARGV.getopts('i:o:gcsp:')

def error(msg, gui=false)
  if gui
    msg(msg, 'error')
    puts msg

def usage()
  puts "usage:"
  puts "translate [-i <INPUT LANG>] -o <OUTPUT LANG> [MORE OPTIONS]"
  puts "-g - show zenity dialog"
  puts "-c - get input from clipboard"
  puts "-s - run as server"
  puts "-p - server port"

  if params['s']
       server(params['p'] ? params['p'].to_i() : 8080, '')
     rescue Interrupt
       puts "Server Exit"
    if params['c']
      input = `xclip -o -sel clip`
      input =
    translation = translate(input, params['i'], params['o'])
    if params['g']
      msg(translation.join(". "))
        if sentence != ''
          puts sentence
rescue JSON::ParserError => e
  error("Response Error: " + e.message, params['g'])
rescue NotConnectedException
  error("sorry but it seems that your internet connection is down", params['g'])

Then I created this bookmarklet. (I notice that profile page use jQuery.noConflict() so I can’t access it from bookmarklet. So here is updated code that insert jQuery script again – in use continuation to block execution of the script until jQuery is loaded). To use bookmarklet just copy code below and insert into url address bar when twitter tab is active

javascript:(function(continuation) {
    function attr(elem, key, value) {
        elem.setAttribute(document.createAttribute(key, value));
    var script = (function() {
        var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
        return function(src) {
            var script = document.createElement('script');
            script.setAttribute('src', src);
            script.setAttribute('type', 'text/javascript');
            script.setAttribute('async', 'false');
            return script;
    var interval = 100;
    setTimeout(function() {
        if (jQuery) {
        } else {
            setTimeout(arguments.callee, interval);
    }, interval);
})(function($) {
    function translator(fun, lang) {
        var socket = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8080/translate");
        socket.onopen = function() {
            console.log("Socket has been opened!");
        socket.onclose = function() {
        return fun(function(text, respond) {
            socket.onmessage = function(msg) {
            var data = JSON.stringify({to_lang: lang, text: text});
    var translate_tweet = translator(function(translate) {
        return function(content) {
            var tweet_container = content.find('.js-tweet-text');
            var tweet = tweet_container.html();
  'original', tweet);
            var links = [];
            var i = 0;
            tweet = tweet.replace(/<a[^>]+>[^<]+<\/a>|<a[^>]+><s>(#|@)<\/s><b>[^<]+<\/b><\/a>/g, function(link) {
                return '{' + i++ + '}';
            translate(tweet, function(result) {
                for (var i=links.length; i--;) {
                    result = result.replace('{' + i + '}', links[i]);
                var actions = content.find('.tweet-actions');
                if (actions.find('.action-orig-container').length == 0) {
                    actions.append('<li class="action-orig-container"><a href="#">Original</a></li>');
    }, prompt('Select Language: af - afrikaans, sk - albánskej, ar - عربي, be - Беларускі, bg - Български, zh - 荃湾, zh - 太阳, hr - Hrvatski, cs - Český, da - Danske, et - Eesti, tl - filipiński, fi - Suomi, fr - Français, gl - galijski, el - Ελληνικά, iw - עברית, hi - हिन्दी, es - Español, nl - Nederlands, id - indonezyjski, ga - Gaeilge, is - Íslenska, ja - 日本語, yi - ייִדיש, ca - Català, ko - 한국의, lt - Lietuvos, lv - Latvijas, mk - Македонски, ms - Melayu, mt - Malti, de - Deutsch, no - Norsk, fa - فارسی, pl - polski, ru - Русский, ro - Română, sr - Српски, sk - Slovenský, sl - Slovenski, sw - Swahili, sv - Svenska, th - ภาษาไทย, tr - Türk, uk - Український, cy - walijski, hu - Magyar, vi - Việt, it - Italiano'));
    $('.content').unbind('mouseover').live('mouseover', function() {
        var $this = $(this);
        if ($this.find('.action-trans-container').length == 0) {
                after('<li class="action-trans-container"><a href="#">Translate</a></li>');
    $('.action-orig-container').unbind('onclick').live('click', function() {
        var content = $(this).parents('.content');
        return false;
    $('.action-trans-container').unbind('onclick').live('click', function() {
        return false;

CODE LICENSE: you can use the code for whatever purpose you like it’s realeas on Sharing Agreement.

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ERC notifications on channels where there was activity after some inactivity

I need to monitor few IRC channels and I use Emacs so I write simple elisp function that I append to erc-insert-pre-hook and it notify me when there is some activity on those channels. I made this mainly because I what to know if someone visit #openclipart channel (because people where visiting ask question and leave after few minutes, there is no much activity on this channel)

(setq inactivity-buffer-alist '(("#openclipart" (inactivity . 900))
                                ("#hackerrank" (inactivity . 900))
                                ("#aiki" (inactivity . 900))))

(defun channel-activity (string &rest ignore)
  "notification when there is activity on a erc channel after inactivity"
  (let* ((buffer (buffer-name))
         (buffer-alist-pair (assoc buffer inactivity-buffer-alist))
         (buffer-alist (cdr buffer-alist-pair))
         (current-time (current-time)))
    (if (not (null buffer-alist))
        (let ((last-time-pair (assoc 'last-time buffer-alist))
              (inactivity (cdr (assoc 'inactivity buffer-alist))))
          (if (not (and (string-match "^\\*\\*\\*" string)
                        (string-match "[freenode-info]" string)))
                (if (or (null last-time-pair)
                        (> (float-time (time-subtract current-time
                                                      (cdr last-time-pair)))
                    (async-exec-command "mpg123 -q /home/kuba/Pobrane/beep-6.mp3"))
                (if (null last-time-pair)
                    (setf (cdr buffer-alist-pair)
                          (append buffer-alist
                                  (list (cons 'last-time current-time))))
                  (setf (cdr last-time-pair) current-time))))))))

(add-hook 'erc-insert-pre-hook 'channel-activity)

You can add your channels to inactivity-buffer-alist along with time of inactivity (in miliseconds)

The function I use for notification is play sound using (async-exec-command "mpg123 -q /home/kuba/Pobrane/beep-6.mp3") – normal shell command was stoping execution of Emacs for few seconds

The code for this function is as follow

(defun async-exec-command (command &rest success)
  (let* ((buffer-name (generate-new-buffer-name "**shell**"))
         (buffer (get-buffer-create buffer-name))
         (process (apply #'start-process
                         (append (list buffer-name buffer)
                                 (split-string command " ")))))
    (lexical-let ((buffer buffer) (success (car success)) (command command))
      (set-process-sentinel process
                            (if success (lambda (process str)
                                          (if (string= str "finished\n")
                                                (set-buffer buffer)
                                                (let ((content (buffer-string)))
                                                  (kill-buffer buffer)
                                                  (funcall success content)))))
                              (lambda (proces str)
                                (kill-buffer buffer)))))
    (concat "execute: " command)))

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How to have access to a shell without ssh or telnet using jQuery terminal

If you have, like I do, a virtual server on hosting service, that support cgi but don’t have access to a shell and php have passthru disabled you still can have access to a shell, even if you can’t install anything on that machine – like anyterm.

There is this project, which I did, called jQuery terminal, that emulate a Unix terminal. All you need is interpreter that will execute shell commands.

Lots of hosting services disable php passthru but leave cgi script, so if you have them you can create simple shell like this one:

UPDATE: If you don’t want to code it yourself (or look at working solution), you can check my project LEASH – Browser Shell.

echo -en "Content-Type: text/plain\r\n\r\n"
query=$(/usr/bin/python -c "import urllib; print urllib.unquote_plus('$QUERY_STRING')")
eval $query 2>&1

I use python subprocess to decode QUERY_STRING. Probably it can be done using some Unix tools.

On my server I use Python CGI script like this one:.

import cgi
import subprocess as sub

    from json import dumps as json_serialize
except ImportError:
    def json_serialize(obj):
        result = ''
        t = type(obj)
        if t == types.StringType:
            result += '"%s"' % obj.replace('\\', '\\\\').replace('"', '\\"').replace('\n', '\\n')
        elif t == types.NoneType:
            result += 'null'
        elif t == types.IntType or t == types.FloatType:
            result += str(obj)
        elif t == types.LongType:
            result += str(int(obj))
        elif t == types.TupleType:
            result += '[' + ','.join(map(json_serialize, list(obj))) + ']'
        elif t == types.ListType:
            result += '[' + ','.join(map(json_serialize, obj)) + ']'
        elif t == types.DictType:
            array = ['"%s":%s' % (k,json_serialize(v)) for k,v in obj.iteritems()]
            result += '{' + ','.join(array) + '}'
            result += '"unknown type - ' + type(obj).__name__ + '"'
        return result

class Singleton(object):
    __single = None
    def __init__(self):
        Singleton.__single = self

    def __new__(cls):
        if Singleton.__single:
            return Singleton.__single
            return super(Singleton, cls).__new__(cls)

class Form(Singleton):
    def __init__(self):
        self.form = cgi.FieldStorage()

    def __getitem__(self, name):
        return self.form.getvalue(name)

def execv(command, path):
    command = 'cd %s && %s && pwd 1>&2' % (path, command)
    proc = sub.Popen(['/bin/bash', '-c', command],
                     stdout=sub.PIPE, stderr=sub.PIPE)
    stderr =[:-1]
    stdout =[:-1]
    if not os.path.exists(stderr):
        raise Exception(stdout, stderr)
    return {
        "cwd": stderr,
        "stdout": re.sub('.\x08', '', stdout)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    print "Content-Type: text/plain"
    form = Form()
    if token() == form['token']:
        response = {}
            response['result'] = execv(form['command'], form['path'])
        except Exception, e:
            response['error'] = e.args[1]
            response['result'] = {'stdout': e.args[0], 'cwd': form['path']}
            response['error'] = None
        response = {'error': 'You are not authorized', 'result': None}

You have enabled passthru in php you can write your shell in php.

Now when you have access to a shell you need to setup interface using jQuery terminal.

<html xmlns="">
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <script src=""></script>
    <script src="terminal/js/jquery.mousewheel-min.js"></script>
    <script src="terminal/js/jquery.terminal.js"></script>
    <link href="terminal/css/jquery.terminal.css" rel="stylesheet"/>
    .terminal a.ui-slider-handle:focus { outline: none; }
    body { margin: 0; padding: 0; }
    html { background-color: #000; }
    .clear { clear: both; }
    /* This works only in Safari and Google Chrome */
    @media screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio:0) {
        .terminal, .terminal .terminal-output, .terminal .terminal-output div,
        .terminal .terminal-output div div, .cmd, .terminal .cmd span, .terminal .cmd div {
            font-weight: bold;
$(function() {
    var pwd, last_dir, home_dir;
    var terminal = $('#shell').terminal(function(command, term) {
        if (command.replace(/^ *(.*) *$/, '$1') == '-') {
            pwd = last_dir;
        $.post("/cgi-bin/", {
            token: term.token(),
            command: command.replace(/(\\)?~/, function($0,$1) {
                return $1 ? $0 : home_dir;
            path: pwd
        }, function(response) {
            pwd = response.result.cwd;
    }, {
        login: function(user, password, authenticate) {
            $.post("/cgi-bin/", {
                user: user,
                password: password
            }, function(token) {
                if (token) {
                    home_dir = pwd = last_dir = '/home/ + user;
        prompt: function(callback) {
            var username = terminal.login_name();
            var re = new RegExp("^" + '/home/' + username);
            var username = '[[;#44D544;]' + username + ']';
            var path = '[[;#5555FF;]' + pwd.replace(re, '~') + ']';
            callback(username + '[[;#989898;]:]' + path + '[[;#989898;]$] ');
        name: 'shell'
        overflow: 'auto'

    $(window).resize(function() {
       terminal.css('height', $(window).height()-20);

  <div id="shell"></div>

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My Poster for Libre Graphics Meeting

Libre Graphics Meeting – Free Graphic Design Conference for Free Libre and Open Source Software

Libre Graphics Meeting - Free Graphic Design Conference for Open Source Software

My Poster to Libre Graphics Meeting Conference – conference about open source software use to create graphics of any kind. you can also download pdf version

Help make this event happen – donate

Visit official site for the conference

Follow LGM on twitter

Do you want to be on a poster? – Become a sponsor

See promoting Video from Last Year

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